Katherine Sparkes is the Director of the Innovation, Research and Development team within the IESO where she is responsible for driving initiatives in support of grid modernization and the removal of barriers to the deployment of cost-effective solutions that enhance the reliability, adequacy and affordability of Ontario’s electricity supply. Her team works with partners across the energy sector and beyond to understand and evaluate the capability of emerging technologies, services, practices and policies to meet Ontario’s current and future electricity needs. Katherine previously held various leadership roles in Conservation and Demand Management, leading the design of award-winning customer-focused programs. Katherine has worked in the consulting and non-profit sectors and teaches in the Energy & Infrastructure Program at Osgoode Hall Law School. Katherine is an Urban Planner by training. Through her volunteer efforts she works to improve the safety of Toronto’s streets in support of active transportation.