Katherine Sparkes is the Director of Innovation, Research & Development at the IESO where she is responsible for driving initiatives in support of grid modernization to enhance the reliability, affordability and sustainability of Ontario’s electricity supply. Katherine has held leadership positions in the public, private and not-for-profit sectors. She currently teaches in the Energy & Infrastructure Program at Osgoode Hall Law School. An urban planner by training, Katherine’s volunteer efforts focus on improving the safety of Toronto’s streets in support of active transportation. Katherine and her family live in Toronto’s west end.